Left ventricular remodelling due to pacing
I know there have been some papers that suggest a certain percentage of ventricular pacing can result in ventricular remodelling and that this can increase the risk of heart failure in the long run.
I cannot find the answer to the following two questions though.Has anyone seen any studies or even have their own experiences to answer them?
1) if remodelling occurs is the ultimate indication of this the left ventricle ejection fraction?
2) is there any evidence that regular exercise can counteract the effect of remodelling or even stop it happening?